Newsletter, December 2016

    MIT Materials News that Matters
    December, 2016
    Materials Processing Center at MIT
    77 Massachusetts Avenue
    Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139Youtube twitter google plusfacebook
    617-253-517
    Email:mpc@mit.edu
    Summer Scholars applications now being accepted

    MPC-CMSE Summer Scholar Erica Eggleton is working this summer in the Van Vliet Lab on LMO (lithium manganese oxide) electrodes for lithium ion batteries.
    Each year for 7 weeks during the summer, the Materials Processing Center (MPC) and the Center for Materials Science and Engineering (CMSE) co-sponsor a Research Internship Program. The program attracts some of the best science and engineering undergraduates from across the country to conduct graduate-level materials research. Students can select from a wide array of projects available.

    This year's Summer Scholar Internship Program will run from June 15 - August 5, 2017.

    For more information about the Internship Program, please refer to the Summer Scholar Quick Facts and the FAQ portion of our website.
     
    The application deadline is February 10, 2017.    

    Is it favoritism or manipulation?
    MIT biophysicists apply evolutionary dynamics and game theory to understand personal relations and come up with some surprising results.
     
    Decision points for the first player in an Envelope Game, are graphed like the branches of a tree. In a game with two players, the first one's actions determine the second one's payoff. Illustration, Alfonso Perez-Escudero.
    When we ask friends if we can stay at their place, we prefer them to say yes without asking details such as for how long. Yet, if the answer is going to be no, then we often prefer them to seek more information from us first. At first glance, this situation seems very different from how we react when we are in an exclusive relationship and our boyfriend or girlfriend flirts with someone else. However, a probability-based analysis with Bayesian game theory shows that each involves differing degrees of manipulation and preferential interaction, MIT Postdocs Alfonso Pérez-Escudero and Jonathan Friedman and Latham Family Career Development Associate Professor of Physics Jeff Gore report in a new paper.
     
    Robust 3D Majorana fermions predicted
    MIT theorists analyze low-temperature superconducting material, propose using NMR to verify existence of topologically protected Majorana fermions.

    MIT postdoctoral associate Jorn Venderbos_ left_ and graduate student Vladyslav Kozii co-authored a new paper with Assistant Professor of Physics Liang Fu proposing that a class of superconducting materials can host Majorana fermions. Photo_ Denis Paiste
    MIT postdoctoral associate Jorn Venderbos [left] and graduate student Vladyslav Kozii.
    A low-temperature superconducting material made up of the elements praseodymium, osmium, and antimony [PrOs4Sb12] promises to host robust Majorana fermions, which are a special particle predicted in 1937, MIT researchers show in a theoretical analysis.These Majorana fermions are quasiparticles, that is, particles which do not exist as elementary particles in nature but can exist as emergent particles in superconducting materials at very low temperatures. The defining property of Majorana quasiparticles is that they are made up of electrons and holes equally, called a quantum superposition.The new analysis by graduate student Vladyslav Kozii, postdoctoral associate Jörn Venderbos and Lawrence C. (1944) and Sarah W. Biedenharn Career Development Assistant Professor Liang Fu reveals the likely presence of these quasiparticles in the superconducting material at temperatures close to absolute zero,
    Templeton Foundation supports Majorana fermion research
     
    Professor of Physics Patrick A. Lee and Senior Research Scientist Dr. Jagadeesh S. Moodera.

    Professor of Physics Patrick A. Lee and Senior Research Scientist Dr. Jagadeesh S. Moodera.

    William & Emma Rogers Professor of Physics Patrick A. Lee and Senior Research Scientist Dr. Jagadeesh S. Moodera are continuing their joint theoretical and experimental work on the search for creating and identifying Majorana fermions with a three-year, $499,000 grant from the John Templeton Foundation. 
     
    The grant for their "Majorana Fermions (MF) creation, braiding and fusion" project runs October 2016 through September 2019, and follows upon an earlier award of $486,090 from July 2013 through June 2016 for "Creation and Study of Majorana Bound States in the Laboratory." 

     "We are very thankful to the Templeton Foundation for supporting a high risk/high return project that is difficult to get funded from traditional government or industry sources," Lee and Moodera say.

    Cui-Zu Chang to receive IUPAP Young Scientist Prize

     Former MIT Postdoctoral Associate Cui-Zu Chang will receive the 2017 Young Scientist Prize from the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics___ Commission on the Structure and Dynamics of Condensed Matter _C10_.
    Cui-Zu Chang
    Former MIT Postdoctoral Associate Cui-Zu Chang will receive the 2017 Young Scientist Prize from the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics' Commission on the Structure and Dynamics of Condensed Matter (C10). The award recognizes Chang "for the discovery of quantum anomalous Hall effect in magnetically doped 3D topological insulator films."
    Chang joined the MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center 2013 as a postdoctoral associate in Senior Research Scientist Jagadeesh Moodera's Thin Film Magnetism, Tunneling and Nano-spintronics group at the Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory. He has accepted an appointment as Assistant Professor of Physics at the Pennsylvania State University and expects to begin there in February 2017.
    In Other News
    MIT President L. Rafael Reif. Photo, Dominick Reuter.  President Reif urges  U.S. commitment
     to basic science
     MIT President calls for  renewed federal support  "for the nation's long-  term security, prosperity,  competitiveness and  health, and for  generations of lasting new  jobs."
    Cima and Merrill recognized for contributions resulting in a tangible impact on quality of life, economic development, and the welfare of society.
     National Academy of  Inventors names two  MIT faculty as fellows
     
     Michael Cima and Edward  W. Merrill  recognized for    contributions resulting in  a tangible impact on  quality of life, economic  development, and the  welfare of society.
    MIT researchers have fabricated a stamp made from forests of carbon nanotubes that prints electronic inks onto rigid and flexible surfaces. Photo, Sanha Kim and Dhanushkodi Mariappan Printable electronics  made with nanoscale 
     stamping technique

    Engineers at MIT  fabricated a stamp from  forests of carbon  nanotubes that prints  electronic inks onto rigid  and flexible surfaces,  enabling electronic decals.

    Join the MPC Collegium
    QR code for collegium webpage
    • Facilitation of on-campus meetings
    • Access to Collegium member-only briefing materials
    • Representation on the MPC External Advisory Board
    • Facilitation of customized student internships
    • Medium and long-term on-campus corporate staff visits
    For more information, contact Mark Beals at 617-253-2129 or mbeals@mit.edu
    About MPC

    The goals of the Materials Processing Center are to unite the materials research community at MIT and to enhance Institute-industry interactions. Collaboration on research ventures, technology transfer, continuing education of industry personnel, and communication among industrial and governmental entities are our priorities. The MPC 
    Industry Collegium is a major vehicle for this collaboration. The MPC sponsors seminars and workshops, as well as a summer internship for talented undergraduates from universities across the U.S. We encourage interdisciplinary research collaborations and provide funds management assistance to faculty.
     
    MIT, Materials Processing Center
    77 Massachusetts Avenue
    Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139
    617-253-6472
    http://mpc-www.mit.edu
    Email: mpc@mit.edu