Newsletter, March 2017

    MIT Materials News that Matters
    March, 2017
    Materials Processing Center at MIT
    77 Massachusetts Avenue
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    617-253-517
    Email:mpc@mit.edu
    12 top undergrads chosen as 2017 Summer Scholars

    Close up of graphene film soaking in water to remove etching solution prior to scrolling the graphene into fiber. The Materials Processing Center and the Center for Materials Science and Engineering have selected 12 outstanding undergraduates to conduct graduate-level research on the MIT campus in Cambridge, Mass., from June 15, 2017 to August 5, 2017.

    Interns select their own projects from faculty presentations given during the first few days of the program. MPC and the CMSE sponsor the eight-week National Science Foundation Research Experience for Undergraduates internships with support from NSF's Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers program [grant DMR-14-19807].

    Apply now for Quantum Science Summer School
    Graduate students, postdocs must apply by March 31, 2017, for two-week program featuring leaders in Quantum Computing science and technology.

    Ion qubit modules (small cubes on left) can be linked using photonic interconnects. Illustration, Emily Edwards, Joint Quantum Institute and University of Maryland.The Quantum Science Summer School (QS3), a program jointly organized by MIT, Johns Hopkins University, Cornell University and Pennsylvania State University, kicks off this summer with its initial two-week session focused on "Fundamentals and Applications of Quantum Computing."
    The program will be held from June 5 to 16, 2017, on the Johns Hopkins campus in Baltimore. Supported by the National Science Foundation and the Department of Energy, QS3 is open to qualified graduate students and postdoctoral associates with a maximum of 40 participants. Accepted participants will be awarded round-trip travel within the U.S.
     
    Disorder can be good
    Researchers discover that chaos makes carbon materials lighter and stronger.

     MIT aerospace researchers have demonstrated that some randomness in the arrangement of carbon atoms makes materials that are lighter and stronger.  Dr. Itai Stein_ MIT.In the quest for more efficient vehicles, engineers are using harder and lower density carbon materials, such as carbon fibers, which can be manufactured sustainably by "baking" naturally occurring soft hydrocarbons in the absence of oxygen.
    However the optimal "baking" temperature for these hardened, charcoal-like carbon materials remained a mystery since the 1950s when British scientist Rosalind Franklin, who is perhaps better known for providing critical evidence of DNA's double helix structure, discovered how the carbon atoms in sugar, coal and similar hydrocarbons, react to temperatures approaching 3,000 degrees Celsius (5,432 F) in oxygen-free processing.
    Celebrating the homecoming of Ernest Moniz
    Fresh from three years as U.S. Energy Secretary, Moniz returns to his roots at MIT.

    Nuclear physicist Ernest J. Moniz has returned to MIT following more than three and a half years of service as the 13th U.S. Secretary of Energy.  Photo, Bryce Vickmark.
    After more than three and a half years of service as the 13th U.S. Secretary of Energy, nuclear physicist Ernest J. Moniz has returned to his roots at MIT, the place where he served most of his professional career.

    Nominated to the cabinet by President Barack Obama in March 2013, Moniz left the office on Jan. 20, 2017, with the arrival of the Trump administration. 
    Now, he intends to build upon that experience by working on policy proposals for climate solutions through clean energy innovation, and in the area of nuclear security.

    In Other News
    Atomic irregularities in crystals, known as dislocations, are common defects, and they affect how heat dissipates through a silicon microchip or how well current flows through a silicon solar panel.  Mapping the effects of  crystal defects 
    Study sheds light on the way  heat and electricity move  through microchips. 
     Read more.
    Researchers at MIT have discovered a new way of using laser light to tune electronic energy levels in two-dimensional films of crystal. The discovery could ultimately pave the way for the development of so-called ___valleytronic_ devices. Photo_ MIT News.  "Valleytronic" devices
     for storage, logic
     
    Researchers discover a new  way to tune electronic energy  levels in some 2-D  materials.
    MIT research scientists Francisco Martin-Martinez and Zhao Qin sketch the molecular background of their research on Nereis virens, a marine worm with a remarkably strong and adaptable jaw. Photo, Allison Dougherty.  Worm-inspired material  responds to stimulus  
    Bio-inspired gel material could  help engineers to control  movement of soft robots.
    Researchers have developed a type of steel with three characteristics that help it resist microcracks leading to fatigue failure.  Conquering metal  fatigue Researchers at MIT and in  Japan and Germany have found  a way to greatly reduce the  effects of fatigue by  incorporating a laminated  nanostructure into the steel.  Minifigures of five NASA pioneers, from left to right, Margaret Hamilton, Katherine Johnson, Sally Ride, Nancy Grace Roman, and Mae Jemison, will appear in an official LEGO set originally designed by MIT staff member Maia Weinstock. Photo, Maia Weinstock  Women of NASA  LEGO set blasts off For years, Maia Weinstock, the  deputy editor of MIT News, has  been creating miniature LEGO  figurines to honor and promote  women scientists and  engineers.  MIT engineers and their collaborators have designed a microfluidic device they call a tree-on-a-chip, which mimics the pumping mechanism of trees and other plants.  Engineers design "tree-  on-a-chip" A microfluidic device called a  "tree-on-a-chip" mimics the  pumping mechanism of trees  and plants, operating passively,  with no moving parts or  external pumps.
    Upcoming Events  

    Seminar: "Bio-inspired Multifunctional Stimuli-Responsive Materials," Prof. Luyi Sun,  Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Connecticut, MIT  56-114, 3:30-4:45pm, Wed., April 5, 2017.
     
    Materials Seminar: "Deformation at the Nanoscale: Stretching the Limits of Strength and Function,"  Prof. Daniel Gianola, Assoc. Prof., Materials, University of California, Santa Barbara, MIT Chipman Room 6-104, 4-5pm, Thurs., April 6, 2017.
     
    NanoDays 2017, Museum of Science, Boston, 11am-3:30pm, Saturday, April 8, 2017. 
     
    Physics Colloquium: "Searching for Physics Beyond the Standard Model at ATLAS," Sarah Demers, Yale University, MIT 10-250, 4-5pm, Thurs., April 13, 2017.
     
    Cambridge Science Festival!, April 14-23, 2017.
     
    "3D Printing and Design in the Idea Hub," MIT Museum N-51, 12-4pm, Sun., April 23, 2017.
     
    "Being Material: A Symposium" sponsored by the MIT Center for Art, Science & Technology, MIT Samberg Conference Center E521-5:30pm., Fri., April 21, 10am-3:30pm, Sat., April 22, 2017. Registration required.
    Join the MPC Collegium
    QR code for collegium webpage
    • Facilitation of on-campus meetings
    • Access to Collegium member-only briefing materials
    • Representation on the MPC External Advisory Board
    • Facilitation of customized student internships
    • Medium and long-term on-campus corporate staff visits
    For more information, contact Mark Beals at 617-253-2129 or mbeals@mit.edu
    About MPC

    The goals of the Materials Processing Center are to unite the materials research community at MIT and to enhance Institute-industry interactions. Collaboration on research ventures, technology transfer, continuing education of industry personnel, and communication among industrial and governmental entities are our priorities. The MPC 
    Industry Collegium is a major vehicle for this collaboration. The MPC sponsors seminars and workshops, as well as a summer internship for talented undergraduates from universities across the U.S. We encourage interdisciplinary research collaborations and provide funds management assistance to faculty.
     
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