Newsletter, October 2016

    MIT Materials News that Matters
    October 2016
    Materials Processing Center at MIT
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    Email:mpc@mit.edu
    Battery challenges: Cost and Performance
    Industry speakers and MIT faculty offer solutions to problems ranging from small portable devices to large fixed installations.

     Martin Z. Bazant, MIT Professor of Chemical Engineering and Applied Mathematics, addresses a problem with lithium ion batteries, phase transformations that interfere with their essential function at the Materials Day Symposium Oct. 18, 2016.
    Martin Z. Bazant, MIT Professor of Chemical Engineering and Applied Mathematics, discusses phase transformations that weaken lithium ion batteries at the Materials Day Symposium.
    MATERIALS DAY 2016 
    Among significant progress noted in developing and deploying new battery technologies:
     
    * General Electric built a database to advise wind and solar energy producers how large to make their energy storage facilities and how much they will cost;
     
    * MIT Prof. Yet-Ming Chiang is developing an air-breathing, water-based sulfur flow battery that may compete on cost with pumped water and compressed air storage;
    * 3M has developed Novec fluid that provides fire protection for battery cells; and
     
    * Bosch is working to replace flammable electrolytes in lithium ion batteries with solid lithium-ion electrolytes.
    Materials Day Poster Session Winners
     Materials Day Poster Session winners are_ from left_ Ping-Chun Tsai_ advised by Prof. Yet-Ming Chiang_ Frank P. McGrogan_ advised by Prof. Krystyn Van Vliet_ and Dr. Roberta Polak_ advised by Profs. Michael F. Rubner and Robert E. Cohen.
    Poster Session winners are, from left;  
    • Ping-Chun Tsai, advised by Prof. Yet-Ming Chiang;
    • Frank P. McGrogan, advised by Prof. Krystyn Van Vliet; and
    • Dr. Roberta Polak, advised by Profs. Michael F. Rubner and Robert E. Cohen. 
    External Advisory Board members and industry visitors cast votes for their top picks at the Materials Day Poster Session Oct. 18, 2016. 
    The making of integrated optics
    Lionel C. Kimerling_ Thomas Lord Professor of Materials Science and Engineering
    Lionel C. Kimerling, Thomas Lord Professor of Materials Science and Engineering

    The U.S. sees integrated photonics as a strategic technology and has set up the American Institute for Manufacturing Integrated Photonics - AIM Photonics - to advance the technology and make it available to a wider community of companies. AIM Photonics, with $610 million of public and private funding, is a five-year initiative ending in 2020. AIM's long-term goal is to be self-sustaining.
     
    Silicon photonics luminary, Lionel Kimerling, professor of materials science and engineering at MIT, and an active member of AIM Photonics, views its focus on manufacturing as an important development.The discipline of manufacturing is something that the chip industry has mastered through designing process integration, selecting materials and all the qualification standards used to meet system requirements, he says, but is less developed in the photonics industry.
    In Other News

    Maria Zuber_ MIT vice president for research. Photo_ Bryce Vickmark

     3 Questions: Maria Zuber on stepping  up MIT's response to climate change

     

      MIT launches new venture for        world-changing entrepreneurs
    PolyClean, a team formed by PhD students Karim Gadelrab (left) and Mukarram Tahir, took home the $10,000 grand prize at the Oct. 11, 2016, MADMEC competition for developing a transparent, water-shedding coating for car windshields. Photo, Tara Fadenrecht  Materials-science  innovation on display
     at MADMEC
     
    Water-shedding coating  for car windshields wins  $10,000 grand prize
     at prototyping contest.


     
     To demonstrate the supercapacitor's ability to store power, the researchers modified an off-the-shelf hand-crank flashlight (the red parts at each side) and installing a small supercapacitor in the center. Photo, Melanie Gonick, MIT News
     New kind of supercapacitor
     made without carbon 
     Energy storage device  could deliver more power  than current versions of  this technology. 

    Read more.
    MIT researchers have found that interactions between electrons and heat-carrying particles called phonons can play a significant role in preventing heat dissipation in microelectronic devices.  Electron-phonon collisions raise heat risk in computer chips
     Particle interactions may  explain overheated  circuits, improve  thermoelectric  devices.

    Upcoming Events
     
    AIM Photonics Fall Meeting, The Technology Transition to Integrated Photonics, Pre-registration required, MIT Media Lab, E14, 6th Floor, 75 Amherst St., Cambridge, Tues., Nov. 1, MIT Chipman Room, 6-104, Wed., Nov. 2, 2016.
     
    Materials Science & Engineering Seminar, Prof. Nicholas L. AbbottJohn T. and Magdalen L. Sobota Professor, Hilldale Professor, and Director of Wisconsin Materials Research and Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, MIT Chipman Room, 6-104, 4-5 p.m., Thurs., Nov. 3, 2016.
     
    Materials Science & Engineering Seminar, Prof. Ali Javey, Conexant Systems Distinguished Professor, Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences University of California, Berkeley, MIT Chipman Room, 6-104, 4-5 p.m., Thurs., Nov. 10, 2016.
     
    2016 MIT Research and Development Conference "From Deep Research to Discovery & Innovation: New Technologies That Will Transform," Kresge Auditorium, Building W16, Wed.-Thurs., Nov. 16-17, 2016.
     
    Materials Science & Engineering Seminar, Prof. David Pine, Silver Professor & Chair, Dept. of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Tandon School of Engineering, and Professor of Physics, NYU College of Arts & Science, MIT Chipman Room, 6-104, 4-5 p.m.Thurs., Dec. 1, 2016.

    Join the MPC Collegium
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    • Facilitation of on-campus meetings
    • Access to Collegium member-only briefing materials
    • Representation on the MPC External Advisory Board
    • Facilitation of customized student internships
    • Medium and long-term on-campus corporate staff visits
    For more information, contact Mark Beals at 617-253-2129 or mbeals@mit.edu
    About MPC

    The goals of the Materials Processing Center are to unite the materials research community at MIT and to enhance Institute-industry interactions. Collaboration on research ventures, technology transfer, continuing education of industry personnel, and communication among industrial and governmental entities are our priorities. The MPC 
    Industry Collegium is a major vehicle for this collaboration. The MPC sponsors seminars and workshops, as well as a summer internship for talented undergraduates from universities across the U.S. We encourage interdisciplinary research collaborations and provide funds management assistance to faculty.
     
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