Newsletter, September 2016

    MIT Materials News that Matters
    September 2016
    Materials Processing Center at MIT
    77 Massachusetts Avenue
    Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139Youtube twitter google plusfacebook
    617-253-517
    Email:mpc@mit.edu

    MATERIALS DAY 2016     
    Materials for Electrochemical Energy Storage

    Symposium and Poster Session 
    October 18, 2016 
    Kresge Auditorium
    On Tuesday, October 18, 2016 the Materials Processing Center will host the Materials Day 2016 Symposium & Research Review Poster Session. The symposium will be held at MIT in Kresge Theatre (Bldg. W16) with registration beginning at 8:00am.                 
    The theme of this years symposium is:  
    Materials for Electrochemical Energy StorageHosted annually Materials Day features emerging research and applications in materials engineering and science for products and processes across the industrial spectrum. The theme for this year's symposium is "Materials for Electrochemical Energy Storage." Topics will include: advanced metal-ion, metal-air and flow batteries for applications ranging from consumer electronics to transportation and grid level energy management. Materials Day activities include conference speakers from both MIT and Industry. The student poster session immediately follows the technical symposium and showcases the latest results from the diverse materials research communities in MIT's Schools of Science and Engineering.Our invited speakers include: 
    • Dr. Kevin Eberman   
      Product Development Manager, 3M   
      3M's Battery Materials - Still Room for More Energy in Li-ion
         
    • Professor Jessika Trancik
      Institute for Data, Systems and Society, MIT
      Evaluating Storage Technologies for Solar and Wind Energy

       
    • Dr. Boris Kozinsky   
      Principal Scientist, BOSCH Research
      Materials Challenges for Next-generation Batteries and Opportunities Using Computational Design
       
    • Professor Yang Shao-Horn
      Departments of Mechanical Engineering & Materials Science & Engineering
      Activating Oxygen Chemistry for Sustainable Energy
          
    • Dr. Glen D. Merfeld
      Product Science Leader, GE Global Research
      Capturing the Value of Energy Storage
       
    • Professor Yet-Ming Chiang
      Department of Materials Science & Engineering. MIT
      Ultralow Cost Electrochemical Storage to Turn Renewable Energy into Reliable Energy
       
    • Professor Martin Z. Bazant
      Departments of Chemical Engineering and Mathematics, MIT
      Control of Phase Transformations in Rechargeable Batteries
    For additional event information and registration visit our website at mpc-www.mit.edu   There is no fee for admission, however registration is required.
    Batteries power clean energy transformation

    The Materials Day Symposium will highlight strong potential to cut greenhouse gases with electric cars, solar and wind energy storage.

    Jessika Trancik, Associate Professor of Energy Studies with MIT's Institute for Data, Systems, and Society, developed dynamic models of electric cars and solar and wind energy storage.
    TRANCIK
    Batteries it seems are everywhere these days, yet important questions remain about what kind of batteries are needed to help the U.S. meet its commitments to cut greenhouse gases and which areas of research are most likely to pay dividends by improving existing batteries or creating entirely new battery technologies.
    After exploring these questions for the past five years, Jessika Trancik, Associate Professor of Energy Studies with MIT's Institute for Data, Systems, and Society, has found some answers that she will share at "Materials for Electrochemical Energy Storage," the Materials Processing Center's Materials Day Symposium on Tuesday, Oct. 18, 2016. The symposium will be held in MIT's Kresge Auditorium, followed by a student poster session.Trancik developed dynamic models of battery technology and consumer demand that show there is a window of opportunity for adoption of grid-level battery storage technologies for solar and wind generators at particular sites and affordable electric cars available now could meet 87 percent of Americans' daily driving needs with charging just once a day.
    Faculty Highlight: Robert J. Macfarlane

    Programming material structure

    Robert J. Macfarlane, the AMAX Career Development Assistant Professor in Materials Science and Engineering at MIT, designs nanoparticle-based crystals whose assembly is directed by synthetic and biopolymers. Photo, Denis Paiste, Materials Processing Center
    Robert J. Macfarlane
    As a graduate student and postdoctoral associate, AMAX Career Development Assistant Professor in Materials Science and Engineering Robert J. Macfarlane conducted groundbreaking research on how to make ordered crystal nanostructures by grafting oligonucleotides (short strands of artificial DNA that are chemically synthesized to have a specific, targeted structure) onto nanoparticles."With the DNA-based system we can actually program in the structure with nanometer scale precision in where we put particles in three dimensions," Macfarlane says. 

    Mapping buried magnetism

    MIT researchers use optical technique to probe magnetism at hidden interface between two exotic thin films.


     A flower-petal like graph illustrates how the direction of magnetism changes at the buried interface where thin films of europium sulfide and bismuth sulfide meet. Illustration, Changmin Lee.
    Magnetic properties of materials underlie technologies from old-fashioned recording tape to modern hard drives and scientists are constantly pushing to develop new uses from magnetic behavior. Recently researchers at MIT figured out how to use light pulses to map the magnetic direction and strength of a buried interface between two exotic materials, bismuth selenide and europium sulfide.
     
    In a sandwich of extremely thin layers of these materials, one distinguished by electrical conduction only on it surface, the other by becoming magnetic at extremely low temperatures, Nuh Gedik, who is the Lawrence C. (1944) and Sarah W. Biedenharn Career Development Associate Professor of Physics, and graduate student Changmin Lee measured the magnetism at the interface of the two materials.
     
     
    In Other News
    At right, scanning electron microscope (SEM) images show the two types of lithium deposits, the bulky, mossy type (top), which grows from its base, and the needle-like dendritic type (bottom), which grows from the tips.  Images courtesy of Peng Bai  Battery metal reveals  dual personality Branchlike deposits grow  on lithium electrode  surfaces in two ways, one  much more damaging.

      Read more.
     
    Professors Bradley Olsen, from left, and Jeremiah Johnson, postdoc Rui Wang, and grad student Ken Kawamoto demonstrate polymer elasticity using rubber bands. Photo, Hursh Vardhan Sureka  New theory overcomes  knotty polymer problem
     Technique for calculating  elasticity by measuring  structural defects could aid  design of new materials.

     Read more.
    MIT physicists see behavior of individual potassium atoms that may shed light on superconductivity.  Some atoms exhibit antisocial behavior and keep away from each other, while some bunch together. Image, Christine  Daniloff, MIT  Some single atoms keep  distance, others pair up
     Observations could help  pave way to room-  temperature  superconductors.

    Upcoming Events 
     
    W. David Kingery Ceramics and Glass Lab Pumpkin Patch, Kresge Oval, MIT Campus, 10 am-3 pm, Sat., Oct.  1, 2016.
     
    The Cambridge Cyber Summit,  MIT Kresge Auditorium, Bldg. W16, 48 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, Mass., 9:10 am-6 pm, Wed., Oct. 5, 2016.
     
    Materials Science & Engineering Seminar, "Geopolymers: From Theory to Global Industrialization," Prof. Joseph Davidovits, President of Geopolymer Institute & Professor Department of Materials Design and Innovation, Saint-­Quentin, France, MIT Chipman Room, 6-104, 4-5:30 pm, Thurs., Oct. 6, 2016.
    Soft Materials Structures and Devices Seminar, "Building with liquids: From fluid flows to tangible structures," Pierre-Thomas BrunInstructor in Applied Mathematics, MIT 3-3335 pm, Thurs., Oct. 6, 2016.
    MADMEC Final Presentations & Awards, MIT 6-120, 1-2:30 pm, Tues., Oct. 11, 2016.
     
    MIT Energy Night, MIT Museum, 265 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, 6-10 pm, Fri., Oct. 14, 2016.
    Materials Day Symposium and Poster Session, MIT Kresge Auditorium, Bldg. W16, 48 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, Mass., 8 am-5:30 pm, Tues., Oct. 18, 2016.
     
    DMSE Metal Arts Lecture Series presents Master bladesmith Bob Kramer: Patterns of ExcellenceEastman Lecture Hall 6-120, 6-8pm, Wed., Oct. 19, 2016.
    AIM Photonics Technical Meeting & MIT Microphotonics Center Fall Meeting, Pre-registration required, MIT Media Lab, E14, 6th Floor, 75 Amherst St., Cambridge, Mon.-Tues., Oct. 31-Nov. 1, 2016.
    Materials Science & Engineering Seminar, Prof. Nicholas L. Abbott, John T. and Magdalen L. Sobota Professor, Hilldale Professor, and Director of Wisconsin Materials Research and Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, MIT Chipman Room, 6-104, 4-5 p.m., Thurs., Nov. 3, 2016. 
    Materials Science & Engineering Seminar, Prof. Ali Javey, Conexant Systems Distinguished Professor, Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences University of California, Berkeley, MIT Chipman Room, 6-104, 4-5 pm, Thurs., Nov. 10, 2016. 
    Join the MPC Collegium
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    • Facilitation of on-campus meetings
    • Access to Collegium member-only briefing materials
    • Representation on the MPC External Advisory Board
    • Facilitation of customized student internships
    • Medium and long-term on-campus corporate staff visits
    For more information, contact Mark Beals at 617-253-2129 or mbeals@mit.edu
    About MPC

    The goals of the Materials Processing Center are to unite the materials research community at MIT and to enhance Institute-industry interactions. Collaboration on research ventures, technology transfer, continuing education of industry personnel, and communication among industrial and governmental entities are our priorities. The MPC 
    Industry Collegium is a major vehicle for this collaboration. The MPC sponsors seminars and workshops, as well as a summer internship for talented undergraduates from universities across the U.S. We encourage interdisciplinary research collaborations and provide funds management assistance to faculty.
     
    MIT, Materials Processing Center
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    Email: mpc@mit.edu